Pre-Calculus Mathematics Quiz #4 Sample Solutions
1. Give the slope-intercept equation of the line passing
through the points (1,−3) and (5, 3).
In the space below, sketch the line.
Solution: First we ascertain the line’s slope:
Having the line’s slope, as well as two of its points (we
now need only one of them), we can use
the point-slope equation form in order to derive the slope-intercept equation:
|(point − slope form )|
|(plugging in 5, 3, and for x1, y1,m)|
|( arithmetic , algebra)|
As an alternative to using the point-slope equation (as we
did above), we could have recognized
that, for some b yet to be determined, the line we seek is described by the equation ,
and, in particular, this equation is satisfied by taking x and y to be x1 and y1, respectively, for
any point (x1, y1) on the line.
|(plugging in 5, 3 for x1, y1)|
|( algebra )|
2. Give the slope-intercept equation of the line that
passes through the point (−2, 3) and is
perpendicular to the line given by the equation x − 2y = 4. Sketch both lines in the space
Solution: Subtracting 4 from both sides of the given equation yields x − 2y − 4 = 0, which is
of the form Ax + By + C = 0. Recall that the slope of the corresponding line is , which in
this case (with A = 1 and B = −2) is .
Had you not remembered this technique, you could have taken the given equation and, by
subtracting 4 from each side , adding 2y to each side, and then dividing each side by 2, obtained
Figure 1: Answer to (1)
the equivalent equation . This, of course, is in the slope- intercept format and reveals
that the line has a slope of .
Having ascertained that is the slope of a line that is perpendicular to the line that we seek,
we conclude that the line that we seek has slope −2. (After all, the product of the slopes of
any two perpendicular lines (neither of which is vertical) is −1, and .)
In addition to knowing one of its points, namely (−2, 3), now we also know the slope of the line
that we seek, namely −2. Beginning with the point-slope equation, we derive the slope-intercept
|(point − slope form)|
|(plugging in − 2, 3,−2 for x1, y1,m)|
Figure 2: Answer to (2)
3. In the space below, sketch the parabola described by
the equation y = x2 + 2x + 3. Label
the vertex by its coordinates.
Solution: We use the completing-the-square method to transform the given equation into one
of the form y = a(x − h)2 + k, which describes a parabola with vertex (h, k).
|(add 1 and subtract 1)|
|( factoring and arithmetic )|
We conclude that the parabola has vertex (−1, 2) and opens
upward. Indeed, the graph is just
that of y = x2 shifted one unit to the left and two units up.
Figure 3: Answer to (3)