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Graphing Quadratic Functions
Warmup
1. Evaluate the expression for b = 3 and a
= 2.
2. Find the value of in the equation when b
= 4 and a = 2.
3. Find the value of y in the equation when x = 0.
4. Find the value of y in the equation when
.
5. Find the approximate value of y to two decimal places in the equation
when x =1.5.
Answers to warmup
1. –3
2. x = 1
3. y = 5
4. y = 3/4
5. y≈ 3.47
Today we will:
1. Understand how the coefficients of a quadratic function influence its graph
a. The direction it opens
b. Its vertex
c. Its line of symmetry
d. Its yintercepts
Tomorrow we will:
1. Explore translations of parabolas
.
Parabolas
The path of a jump shot as the ball travels toward the basket is a parabola.
Key terms
Parabola – a curve that can be modeled with a
quadratic function.
Quadratic function – a function that can be written in the form
y = ax^{2} + bx + c, where a ≠ 0.
Standard form of a quadratic function – the form y = ax^{2} + bx + c, where a ≠
0.
Vertex – the point where a parabola crosses its line of symmetry.
Maximum – the vertex of a parabola that opens downward. The y coordinate of
the
vertex is the maximum value of the function.
Minimum – the vertex of a parabola that opens upward. The ycoordinate of the
vertex is the minimum value of the function.
yintercept – the ycoordinate of the point where a graph crosses the yaxis.
xintercept – the xcoordinate of the point where a graph crosses the xaxis.
The graph of the quadratic function y = ax^{2} + bx + c,
where a ≠ 0, is a parabola.
If a is positive
the graph opens up
the vertex is a minimum
If a is negative
the graph opens down
the vertex is a maximum
The line of symmetry is the vertical line
. The xcoordinate of the vertex is
.
To find the ycoordinate of the vertex, substitute
for x in the function and solve for y .
The y intercept of the graph of a quadratic function is c.
Example 1 Choose the function that models the parabola at the right. A. y = −0.5x^{2} + 4x + 5 B. y = 0.5x^{2} + 4x − 3 C. y = −0.5x^{2} + 4x − 3 D. y = −0.4x^{2} + 4x − 3 E. y = x^{2} + 4x + 5 Solution The graph opens down so a is negative. B and E are out. The yintercept is –3. A is out. Find the line of symmetry. Choice C: Choice D: The line of symmetry is x = 4. C is the correct function. Example 2 Use the function y = 2x^{2} + 3x −1 A. Tell whether the graph opens up or down. B. Tell whether the vertex is a maximum or a minimum. C. Find an equation for the line of symmetry. D. Find the coordinates of the vertex. Solution A. a is positive, so the graph opens up. B. The vertex is a minimum. 
Parabola

Example 3
Use the quadratic function y = 3x^{2} −18x + 25
A. Without graphing, will the graph open up or down?
B. Is the vertex a minimum or a maximum?
C. What is the equation of the line of symmetry?
D. Find the coordinates of the vertex of the graph.
E. Find the yintercept.
F. Graph the function.
Solution
A. a is positive, so the graph will open up.
B. The vertex is a minimum
F.
Example 4
Use the function y = x^{2} + 0.6x − 7.75
A. Find the yintercept of the graph.
B. Use a graph to estimate the xintercepts. Check one x intercept by
substitution .
Solution
A. The yintercept is c or –7.75
B. The xintercepts are 2.5 and –3.1
Check: Substitute 2.5 for x in the original equation.
Example 5
Match each equation with its graph.
Solution:
A. 4
B. 3
C. 2
D. 1
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