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Up  Absolute Value  the absolute value of a real number a,
denoted by lal, is the distance between a and 0 on the number line. Additive Identity  0, since 0 added to any number gives that number. ( a + 0 = a) Algebraic Expressions variables and numbers connected by mathematical operations. Bar graph a 2dimensional picture that consists of individual rectangles(or bars). Base the quantity being raised to a power. Binomial a polynomial with exactly two terms. Coefficient the number mulitiplied by a variable. Complementary angles two angles whose sum is 90 degrees. Constanta number that does not change value. Degree of a term(in one variable) the exponent. Degree of a polynomia lthe greatest degree of any term of the polynomial. Difference of two Squares a polynomial where the two terms are perfect squares separated by subtraction. Equivalent equations two equations that have the same solution. Exponent the number of times the base is used as a factor. Exponential expression a term that includes a coefficient, a variable, and a power of that variable. Exponential Notation an expression that includes a quantity being raised to a power. Equations a statement that two expressions are equal. Factor in a product, each number being multiplied is called a factor. Factoring by grouping when four or more terms are given in a polynomial try working with two terms at a time and then find the GCF. Factoring a polynomial the process of writing a polynomial as a product. Formula a mathematical statement that describles the relationship among numbers or variables. Graph of a linear equation  a 2dimensional representation which results in a staight line. Greatest common factor (GCF) the product of the largest numerical factor common to all terms and the variable factor raised to the lowest exponent in all terms. Grouping Symbol parentheses, brackets, or braces used to collect mathematical expressions. Hypotenuse the side opposite the right angle of a triangle. Identity an equation that has an infinite number of solutions. Inequality symbo any of the following symbols used to denote the relationship between two mathematical statements < , >, < , >. Integers  {..., 2, 1, 0, 1, 2, 3,...} Irrational Numbers  nonrational numbers Least common denominator  (LCD) a polynomial whose factors include all the factors of the denominators, each raised to the highest power from any of the given denominators. Leg the sides adjacent to the right angle of a triangle. Like terms terms that have the same variable raised to the same power (also called similar terms). Line graph a 2dimensional picture that consists of points connected by a line. Linear equation  in one variable can be written in the form Ax + B = C where A, B, and C are real numbers and A 0. Linear equation in two variables  can be written in the form Ax + By = C where A, B, and C are real numbers and A 0 and B 0. Monomia l a polynomial with exactly one term. Multiplicative Identity  the identity is 1. (a 1 = a) Natural Numbers {1, 2, 3, ...} Opposites two quantities whose sum is 0 (also called additive inverses). Perfect Square Trinomiala polynomial of three terms that factors into the same two binomials. Ordered Pair  written (x,y), the x represents a value on the horizontal axis and the y represents a value on the vertical axis, while (x,y) represents a point on the graph. Origin  the ordered pair (0,0). Parallel lines  two lines with the same slope. Perpendicular lines  two lines that intersect at right angles. Perfect Square Trinomial  a polynomial of three terms that factors into the same two binomials. Polynomial in x a finite sum of terms of the form ax^{n} , where a is a real number and n is a whole number. Power the number of times a base is used as a factor. Also called an exponent. Prime a polynomial that does not factor. Quadrant  one of the four sections where the horizontal and vertical number lines divide the plane. Quadratic equation an equation that can be written in the form ax^{2} + bx + c = 0 where a, b, and c are real numbers and a 0. Rational Expression  a quotient of polynomials. Rational Numbers  { l a and b are integers and b 0 } Real Numbers  Numbers that correspond to points on the number line. This includes all natural, whole, integers, rational, and irrational numbers. Reciprocals two numbers whose product is 1 (also called multiplicative inverses). Rectangular coordinate system  a 2dimensional graph that includes a horizontal and vertical number line. Right triangle  a three sided polygon that contains a 90 degree angle. Scientific notation  if a number is written as the product of a number a, where 1 < a < 10, and an integer power r of 10: a x 10^{r} . Set a collection of objects. Slope  the steepness of a line. Slopeintercept form  a linear equation written in the form y = mx + b. Solution the value of the variable or variables that makes the equation true. Standard form of a linear equation  the form Ax + By = C where A, B, and C are real numbers and A 0 and B 0. Standard Form of a quadratic equation the form ax^{2} + bx + c = 0 where a, b, and c are real numbers and a 0. Supplementary angles two angles whose sum is 180 degrees. Term a number or the product of a number and a variable (including exponents). Translate to change from written words to a mathematical statement. Trinomial a polynomial with exactly three terms. Variable letter used to denote an unknown quantity. Whole Numbers  {0, 1, 2, 3,...} xaxis  the horizontal number line. xcoordinate  the x value in the ordered pair (x,y). xintercept  a point on the xaxis (a,0). yaxis  the vertical number line. ycoordinate  the y value in the ordered pair (x,y). yintercept  a point on the yaxis (0,b).
