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MATH 141 List of Topics
[DRAFT February 21, 2005] Items that are not covered in Math 118 (or are significantly expanded) are in blue. I. Introductory Review A. Properties of real numbers B. Using calculator to simplify expressions and evaluate equations C. Properties of functions and function notation D. Graphing linear equations and functions E. Find equation of linear function given two points F. Interpreting the slope of a function or graph of a function G. Modelingtranslating English phrases to math expressions and vice versa H. Solving linear equations and solving linear formulas for a specified variable I. Solving linear inequalities (in one variable) and functions algebraically and graphically J. Interval notation II. Functions A. Interpret functionsdistinguish input and output variables and the rule B. Interpret intercepts of a function or the graph of a function in context C. Expand understanding of domain and range D. Solve for input values given output values E. Algebra of functionssum, difference, product, quotient F. Composition of functions 1. find and simplify algebraically and graphically 2. write formulas by composing functions G. Function inverse 1. importance of onetoone and graphical relationships 2. finding inverses of linear and cubic functions 3. derivation of exponential and log functions 4. finding inverse relations (sideways parabola) [YES OR NO?] H. Find difference quotient for polynomial and rational functions III. Graphing A. Graph a linear function B. Graph a linear equation using slope and intercept, both intercepts, or two points C. Read, interpolate and extrapolate graphical data D. Recognize relationship of slope of parallel and perpendicular lines E. Interpreting slope and intercepts of a graph (in context of units and causality) F. Graph linear inequalities in two variables and their intersection and union
G. Recognize "shape" of linear, absolute value, quadratic, cubic, root,
exponential, and
H. Graph functions
(see previous) that have been transformedshifted, stretched I. Write the equation of a given functionfrom a description or a graph J. Graph the inverse of a function
K. Graph polynomial functions and find domain, range, and local maximum or
minimum L. Graph piecewise defined functions and write the piecewise function of a given graph M. Graph rational functions with holes, and horizontal and vertical asymptotes N. Graph relations (circles and sideways parabola IV. Graphing Calculator Skills A. Using graph to solve application problems
B. Using intersection of graphs to solve equation in one variable
polynomial, rational, C. Using intersection of graphs to solve system of two linear equations D. Finding maximum and minimum values E. Finding zeros (roots) and yintercept F. Doing matrix operations (algebra, row operations, solving systems of linear equations)
G. Using quadratic formula and synthetic division programs to find
irrational roots of
H. Data analysisgenerating scatter plots and regression equations and
graphs and I. Solve inequalities graphically polynomial, rational, and systems of linear inequalities V. Modeling (and solving) A. Applications of linear functions and equations B. Interpret slope and intercepts in context of problemunits and causality of problem C. Applications of linear inequalities D. Modeling with angle geometryinterior angles, transverse, and supplementary E. Systems of linear equations (up to three variable linear equations) F. Quadratic relationships (area and projectiles) G. Finding maximum and minimum with quadratic applications H. Applications of rational relationships  formulas and equating rates or time I. Applications involving direct variation, joint variation and indirect variation J. Systems of linear inequalities (finding feasible space) K. Applications involving roots 1. Pythagorean theorem (triangles) 2. Distance formula 3. Solving formulas for a variable L. Polynomial functions and inequalities  cost functions, etc. M. Applications of exponential functions  compound interest N. Applications of logarithmic functions and formulas VI. Linear Equations and Formulas A. Find slopeintercept form of any linear equationdiscern slope and intercept B. Recognize standard form, slopeintercept form, and pointslope form (?) C. Recognize parallel or perpendicular equations D. Find equation of line parallel (or perpendicular) to given line through a point E. Find slopes and equations of described horizontal, vertical lines and proportional lines
F. Use "increasing, decreasing and constant" to describe lines and determine
which is VII. Linear Inequalities A. Solve, graph and interpret linear inequalities in one variable B. Solve, graph and interpret linear inequalities in two variable
C. Solve, graph
and interpret systems of linear inequalities in two variables  both union D. Use "and," "or," "inclusive," and "exclusive" terminology appropriately VIII. Absolute Value Equations A. Solve equations with one absolute value algebraically and graphically B. Solve absolute value inequalities algebraically and graphically IX. Systems of Equations A. Solve two variable linear systems by graphing, substitution and elimination B. Determine whether lines intersect, are parallel, or coincide C. Solve three variable linear systems using row operations and matrices D. Identify inconsistent and dependent systems of equations X. Exponents A. Review definition of zero, negative and rational exponents B. Evaluating expressions containing integer and rational exponents C. Simplifying expressions containing integer and rational exponents XI. Polynomial Expressions and Equations A. Add, subtract, multiply polynomial expressions B. Use long division and synthetic division to divide two polynomials C. Factor Polynomial Expressions 1. Recognize and factor out greatest common factor 2. Recognize and factor by grouping 3. Factor trinomials
4. Recognize and factor special productsperfect squares, difference
of squares,
5. Extensions of Factoring (to nonpolynomials expressions with
integer, rational, and D. Recognize the connection between zeros of a polynomial equation and the factors E. Use zero factor property to solve simple cubic equations F. Solve quadratic equations in one variable (real solutions only) .. 1. using zero factor property (by factoring) 2. using square root property 3. by completing the square 4. using the quadratic formula 5. by graphing G. Recognize relationship of discriminant to # of real zeros and xintercepts H. Use formula b/(2a) to find the vertex of a parabola I. Calculate difference quotient for polynomial functions J. Find intercepts of quadratic equation algebraically K. Extensions of solution methods (to solving equations that are quadratic in form using substitution) L. Properties of 3rd degree and higher polynomial equations, functions and expressions 1. relationship of factored equation, zeros, multiplicity of zeros, and graph 2. relate domain and range, local extrema and end behavior to degree of polynomial 3. use sign chart to find solution set for polynomial inequalities XII. Roots and Radical Expressions and Equations A. Review simplifying radical expressions  with and without rational exponents B. Review how to add, subtract, and multiply radical expressions
C. Review dividing rational expressions (rationalize denominators with
and without D. Review translation from radical to rational exponents E. Find domain of radical functions  including ones with polynomial as radicand F. Solve radical equations with up to two radicals graphically and algebraically
G. Rewrite radical function to determine horizontal and/or vertical
shift, stretch, and H. Solve radical formulas for a designated variable XII. Rational Expressions and Equations A. Simplify rational expressions B. Divide rational expressions (simplify complex fractions) C. Find domain and range of rational functions D. Find inverse of onetoone rational functions E. Rewrite functions to determine any shift, stretch or compression F. Use language of variation (direct, indirect, joint) G. Find difference quotient with rational function XIV. Exponential Expressions and Equations A. Introduce exponential expressions, equations and functions B. Evaluate exponential functions for given input C. Solve exponential equations algebraically and graphically D. Derive equation from a table of values E. Identify the domain and range and restrictions on base F. Find the inverse of an exponential function G. Solve exponential equations that are quadratic in form (using substitution) XV. Logarithmic Expressions and Equations A. Introduce logarithmic expressions, equations and functions B. Switch between exponential and logarithmic forms of an equation C. Use properties of logarithms D. Identify the domain and range and restrictions on base E. Find the inverse of a logarithmic function F. Solve logarithmic equations algebraically XVI. Complex Numbers (we are still discussing whether the existence of complex numbers should be introduced in this course)
